July 11, 2014
We’re happy to announce that our 30-day-old female red panda cub, born on June 9, has passed a critical milestone and is doing well. These photos give you a peek at the little cub, who remains behind the scenes in the nest box with her mother.
“About half of all red panda cubs die within 30 days after birth,” says Animal Curator Mark Weldon. “We are obviously pleased that our cub has made it this far.”
This is the third litter of cubs to be born to female Xiao, age 5, and her 6-year-old mate, Junjie. Two cubs were born to Xiao in 2012, and a single cub was born in 2013; none of these cubs survived longer than two weeks. Red pandas are an endangered species.
“We remain cautiously optimistic about the cub,” said Shelley Scherer, who supervises the Central Zoo and Australian Adventure. “This cub was born healthy and had an above average birth weight. Xiao is also a more experienced mother, which has certainly been a factor.”
“This cub is feisty, squirmy, and chubby,” said Zoo Keeper Helena Lacey, who works with the red pandas daily.
Though the cub has survived the first 30 days, she still faces other hurdles. “Weaning is a critical time for red panda cubs as they make the transition from mother’s milk to solid food,” explained Lacey. Weaning occurs when the cub is five to six months old.
Zoo keepers monitor the duo via a remote camera mounted in the nest box. “They sleep most of the time, but we also see Xiao grooming herself and the cub,” said Lacey. Xiao leaves the nest box several times a day to eat climb in the exhibit.
Xiao and her cub spend nearly all of their time tucked in a nest box within the red panda exhibit, where Xiao nurses, grooms, and sleeps next to her cub. This is natural behavior for red pandas, who nest in hollow trees in the wild. Cubs typically remain in the nest box for about three months, which means zoo guests have little chance of seeing the cub until late August or early September.
Three to four times a week, zoo keepers distract Xiao with a tasty bamboo branch and quickly weigh the cub. So far, the cub is gaining weight, and has more than tripled her birth weight of 139 grams to 454 grams (about one pound). Twice a week, they perform a more thorough exam on the cub, checking for any abnormalities.
The cub’s eyes are now open, and she makes high-pitched squeals during her weigh-ins and checkups.
The path to the red panda exhibit remains closed to zoo guests in an effort to minimize disturbances for the new family.
The breeding of red pandas is overseen by the Species Survival Plan (SSP), a program of the Association of Zoos & Aquariums (AZA). The goal of the SSP is to maximize genetic diversity in zoo-dwelling populations of endangered animals.
Red pandas are native to the forested foothills of the Himalaya Mountains in China and Nepal, where they feed primarily on bamboo. Though they share a name with the famed black-and-white giant pandas, the two are not closely related. The name “panda” comes from the Nepalese word ponya, which means “bamboo-eater.”
Zoo babies are sponsored by Lutheran Children’s Hospital. Click on the photos to enlarge:
July 9, 2014
Zoo guests got a wonderful surprise this morning when a wildebeest gave birth in the African savannah at the Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo. Zoo keepers noticed that the mother was in labor at approximately 9:38AM and she delivered a calf at 10:08AM this morning. The calf stood and began walking within minutes. It also began nursing shortly after birth. These photos were taken when the baby was just 20 minutes old!
Several zoo guests were fortunate to observe the birth, since it occurred during zoo hours. Zoo keepers and vet staff were aware of the pregnancy, but could not pinpoint a due date. The calf’s gender has not yet been determined.
For now, the zebras are staying in the barn while the new baby adjusts to life on the pasture.
Zoo babies are sponsored by Lutheran Children’s Hospital. Click on the photos to enlarge:
July 2, 2014
Tengku the Sumatran orangutan turns 28 this week. He was born on July 3, 1986 and came to the Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo in 1995, shortly after the opening of the zoo’s Indonesian Rain Forest. During his nearly two decades here, Tengku has formed a special connection with zoo guests. His social demeanor and playful behavior inspire people to care about orangutans in the wild.
What can you do to support Tengku and his wild cousins? Here are some ideas from his birthday list:
- Visit the zoo and spend some time in the Indonesian Rain Forest. There you can learn more about the plight of orangutans in the wild.
- Share your photos and stories of Tengku on social media to raise awareness about orangutan conservation. You can connect with the Fort Wayne Children’s zoo on Facebook and Twitter.
- Adopt an orangutan to help us provide healthy food, exceptional care, and veterinary needs for your animal for one whole year.
- Splurge on an orangutan VIP Experience. Go behind the scenes with Tengku and Melati and watch as they create a unique painting right before your eyes – then take the painting with you for a one-of-a-kind home accent. (Ages 8 and older only – up to four guests per VIP experience)
- Get educated about endangered orangutans and find out what you can do to help. The Orangutan Conservancy, one of the zoo’s conservation partners, is a good resource.
Area Manager Tanisha Dunbar has been working with Tengku for the past 13 years. She shared her thoughts regarding this very special primate, “It has been a joy working with him since 2001 and I am looking forward to working with him for many years to come. Happy Birthday, Tengku!”
Below is a photo gallery of some of Tengku’s memorable moments. Click on the photos to enlarge:
June 25, 2014
The Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo has come up with an unusual fix for a “smelly” problem. It all started when one of the zoo’s banded mongooses had his medical checkup. Upon his return, zoo keepers noticed that the troop was reluctant to allow him back in. He was the same old mongoose, ready to join his troop, but he smelled different. That was a big problem, because mongooses recognize each other by their scent. His troop refused to socialize with this now strange-smelling mongoose or share their space with him. Some of the others even became aggressive despite his clean bill of health. What’s a mongoose to do!?!
Zoo keeper Nancee Hutchinson found a unique solution to the problem. “We bring them indoors and spray Vicks Vap-O-Rub on the floor. The whole troop comes running and rolls all around in it. Then they all smell the same, even the one who spent some time away.”
When a troop of mongooses rolls around in a smell it’s called “scent marking”. It’s common in the wild and ensures that all troop members smell the same. Hutchinson became interested in using Vicks Vap-O-Rub with the mongooses after she learned that a zoo in Europe had used a similar technique with meerkats. “When we spray Vicks inside the mongoose enclosure, the mongooses respond by scent-marking. They all roll around in the Vicks. This overrides any old smells that might have caused them to reject a member.”
This fall, Hutchinson will share what she learned at the American Association of Zoo Keepers national conference.
Click on the photos to enlarge:
June 12, 2014
A female red panda cub was born at the Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo on June 9 to female Xiao (pronounced JOW), age 4, and her 5-year-old mate, Junjie.
This is the third litter of cubs to be born at the zoo since 1997. Two cubs were born to Xiao in 2012, and a single cub was born in 2013; none of these cubs survived longer than two weeks.
An endangered species, red pandas are difficult to breed and rear in zoos. About half of all cubs die within 30 days of birth. Only a few dozen red panda cubs are born in United States zoos each year.
Contact with Xiao and her cub is extremely limited to improve the cub’s odds of survival. For now, the pathway in front of the red panda exhibit is closed to zoo guests. Keepers monitor the new mother, who spends most of her time in a nest box with the cub, via a remote camera system.
“We are monitoring the cub and are cautiously optimistic at this point,” says Area Manager Shelley Scherer. “But there are still many challenges ahead for this little cub.”
An extensive protocol is in place to monitor the cub while minimizing stress on the mother. Keepers allowed Xiao and her cub complete privacy for the first day, because data show that cubs have a better chance of survival if they are left alone with the mother for the first 24 hours. On Tuesday, keepers quickly weighed the cub while Xiao was out of the nest box feeding; the cub weighed 139 grams. On Wednesday, the veterinary staff performed a brief hands-on health check and determined the cub’s gender.
Daily weigh-ins will continue and supplemental feeding or hand-rearing will be implemented depending on the cub’s progress.
“We always prefer that animals raise their own young, but we are prepared to do all we can to ensure the survival of the cub,” said Animal Curator Mark Weldon. “However, hand-rearing provides no guarantee that the cub will survive.” Weldon noted that hand-reared cubs have a 50-50 chance of survival.
Zoo keepers conducted weekly ultrasounds on Xiao this spring to monitor the cub before birth. Xiao was trained to stand and accept the ultrasound, during which she was rewarded with a food treat. Her diet, which includes commercially-produced chow and fresh bamboo, was altered to provide additional nutrition during her pregnancy. Keepers also installed a second air-conditioned nest box in the exhibit to give Xiao comfortable options for nesting.
Tests revealed that cub born to Xiao in 2013, which survived for only three days, never ingested any milk, though the reason for this is not known. That cub was scheduled to undergo a complete physical on the day it died.
Mary Noell of the Cincinnati Zoo serves as North American Regional Studbook Keeper for red pandas and maintains data on all red pandas in United States and Canadian zoos. “This is not an unusual situation,” she said last year after the cub died. Noell visited the Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo in 2013 and noted that the zoo’s facilities and protocols met all current standards for red panda care.
Red panda cubs are born blind and deaf. The mother spends nearly all her time nursing and grooming her cubs during the first week. The cubs remain in the nest until they are about three months old. Little is known about red panda cub mortality in the wild.
“If the cub survives, zoo guests are unlikely to see it outside of the nest box until sometime in August or September,” said Scherer. Until then, the zoo will post updates on its website and social media accounts.
The breeding of red pandas is overseen by the Species Survival Plan (SSP), a program of the Association of Zoos & Aquariums (AZA). The goal of the SSP is to maximize genetic diversity in captive populations of endangered animals.
Red pandas are native to the forested foothills of the Himalaya Mountains in China and Nepal, where they feed primarily on bamboo. Though they share a name with the famed black-and-white giant pandas, the two are not closely related. The name “panda” comes from the Nepalese word ponya, which means “bamboo-eater.”Baby Animals, Conservation, Red Panda, Zoo News
June 11, 2014
The zoo’s California sea lions will celebrate their birthday this Saturday, June 14. The festivities begin at 11AM and will coincide with the scheduled sea lion show.
Three of our sea lions – Fishbone, Grits, and Cassandra – were actually born on June 14. (Legend’s birthday is on May 6.) How does a colony of four aquatic mammals celebrate their special day? With a “cake” and some water games! Zoo keeper Nikki Finch is involved in planning the festivities. “The sea lions will get a very special birthday cake made of fish and ice,” states Finch. They will also perform behaviors and play in the water. Zoo guests are invited to the party!
The sea lion show, which happens every day at 11AM and 3PM, is a guest favorite at the Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo. Sea lions are known for their intelligence, and the zoo’s colony has the opportunity to showcase their smarts at the daily shows. Fishbone, Grits, Legend, and Cassandra are trained to perform a variety of behaviors and seem to enjoy the attention from zoo keepers and guests.
The show is fun and energetic, but the zoo also hopes that guests will take an important message with them: Our sea lions eat sustainable seafood and we can, too! By choosing seafood that is harvested and farmed in a way that protects our oceans, we can make a big difference. The zoo has partnered with Seafood Watch to help guests understand why sustainable seafood matters. We even have a free app to help you make better seafood choices. Stop by a show this summer to find out more, and be sure to wish the zoo’s sea lions a Happy Birthday on June 14!
June 4, 2014
If you visited the Indiana Family Farm at the zoo last weekend, you might have noticed that our goats got some extra attention from zoo keepers. Many of our guests were curious why the goats were paraded, one at a time, into a nearby barn. It was goat-weighing day, of course!
The zoo keeps a variety of records on each of its animals, including weight. Zoo keepers track each goat’s weight throughout the year to look for any fluctuations. Keeping accurate health records, including weight, helps zoo keepers and vet staff monitor for changes in the animals. This in turn helps the keepers and staff to spot potential health concerns early.
“We weigh each goat monthly, or more often if we have concerns about the animal not eating enough,” states zoo keeper Chase Caldwell.
With goats, however, keeping up a robust diet usually isn’t a problem. Most of the zoo’s goats will try to eat almost anything, including maps, purses, shoe laces, and even the scale. “It’s a goat thing,” says Caldwell. “They like to test everything out to see if they can eat it. We don’t even have to train them to step onto the scale. We just put food out and they step right up.”
Which goat topped the scale? It was Oliver, a buff-colored male weighing in at 55.3 kilograms (about 120 pounds).
Click on the photos to enlarge:
Central Zoo, Farm Animals, Zoo News
May 28, 2014
Our newest zoo baby may be small, but tiny creatures are a big deal for the zoo keepers at the Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo. Say “hello” to our brand new black-breasted leaf turtle in the Indonesian Rain Forest!
This teensy terrapin is almost three weeks old and weighs just over six grams (about the same weight as a quarter). Black-breasted leaf turtles are an endangered species managed by the Association of Zoos & Aquariums, which makes this a very important birth. Zoo keepers are caring for the hatchling behind-the-scenes and monitoring its progress carefully.
Dave Messmann, who works with turtles and other zoo reptiles, related the cautious enthusiasm surrounding the baby animal, “We waited for two weeks before inviting anyone to take pictures. We wanted to be sure that the hatchling was thriving before introducing it. We’re excited about hatching an endangered species and we’re monitoring this one very closely.”
Click on the photos to enlarge (additional text below):
Why are black-breasted leaf turtles endangered? It all comes down to habitat destruction and over-collection. Black-breasted leaf turtles are native to Southeast Asian countries including Vietnam and Southern China. They are used in Traditional Asian Medicine, and are often sold as pets. These turtles’ unique facial expression and small size make them particularly attractive within the pet trade. However, Messmann contends that this endangered species might not be as easy to rear as people assume. “Turtles require a lot of care and proper nutrition throughout their lives. At the zoo we give them a specific diet and document their care. If people don’t feed and nurture them properly their shells can become deformed.” The diet to which Messmann refers consists of fruit, vegetables, worms and crickets.
Black-breasted leaf turtles live up to 20 years but only reach an average length of five inches, making them one of the smallest turtles in the world.
Zoo babies are sponsored by Lutheran Children’s Hospital.
Baby Animals, Indonesian Rain Forest, Reptiles, Zoo News
May 21, 2014
A core component of the zoo’s mission is “inspiring people to care.” One of the ways that inspiration manifests itself is through the grassroots conservation efforts of zoo fans like YOU. Back in March, the zoo trained local volunteers on a program called FrogWatch USA. The Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) started FrogWatch USA more than ten years ago a way for “individuals and families to learn about the wetlands in their communities and help conserve amphibians by reporting the calls of local frogs and toads.” (Source: https://www.aza.org/frogwatch/)
This type of grassroots, research-driven conservation is also known as “citizen science.” Kathy Terlizzi, Volunteer Coordinator with the Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo oversees the zoo’s FrogWatch USA program. Terlizzi trains new volunteers every year in March so that they can observe and report on frog calls throughout the season. Terlizzi states that, “Volunteers are out in Fort Wayne right now listening for frogs and reporting their results online. They’ll be uploading their data all summer long.”
Frogs are an important part of our ecosystem, and FrogWatch USA is helping to conserve many species around the country. It’s not all work, though. Terlizzi notes that, “The fun they have while participating is an added bonus!”
Do you want to learn more about Indiana frogs and hear their calls? Click here for the AZA’s Indiana Frogs page. You could join us in March to train as a FrogWatch citizen scientist!
Conservation, Zoo News
May 14, 2014
Say “hello” to one of the zoo’s newest residents! Ombe the male lemur joined females Cushla and Kyna last November. Now two years of age, Ombe is fitting right in. Zoo keepers have observed him acclimating to his new troop.
“Ombe developed a strong bond with Kyna right away. They spend a lot of time together and he also interacts with Cushla,” states zoo keeper Helena Lacey.
Prior to zoo opening, zoo keepers worked with Ombe using positive reinforcement. “We trained Ombe with small approximations – small steps,” Lacey explains. “Training an animal to willingly move from one location to another is helpful for the times when they have to move indoors because of cold weather.”
A really big island Off the coast of eastern Africa, the ring-tailed lemur lives on the large island of Madagascar. They live mainly in forested areas.
What do they eat? Lemurs munch on fruit, leaves, bark, flowers, grass, and tree sap. Lemurs eat by holding food with their front feet.
The lemur look Lemurs’ bodies are covered with soft, thick, brown-grey fur that is very pale on their chest and stomach. Preening takes up much time of a lemur’s time.
All three of the zoo’s lemurs display the typical lemur look, but zoo keepers can easily tell them apart. Lacey explains that “Cushla is the easiest to spot because of her short tail. Kyna has a small, narrow face and Ombe is fluffy and handsome.”
Swift movers Ring-tailed lemurs are active both during the day and at night. Although they live mainly on the ground, they are very comfortable moving around in treetops. Lemurs escape to these treetops when threatened. They will defend their territory and signal alarm with loud calls.
Uncertain future Less than 10% of Madagascar’s original forest cover remains, putting all 30 species of lemurs in jeopardy. The Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo is committed to the conservation of wild animals and wild places. Learn more here.
Click on the photos to enlarge: