|Scientific name||Panthera pardus orientalis|
|Size||3 to 6.2 feet (92 to 190 cm) long|
|Tail Length||25 to 39 inches (64 to 99 centimeters)|
|Weight||Females are 46 to 132 pounds (21 to 60 kilograms); males are 80 to 165 pounds (36 to 75 kilograms)|
|Life Span||12 to 15 years in the wild, up to 23 years in zoos|
|Gestation||3 to 3.5 months|
|Number of young at birth||1 to 6, but usually 2 to 3 in a litter|
|Size at birth||17 to 21 ounces (500 to 600 grams)|
|Age of maturity||3 years|
|Conservation status||Endangered: only 30-40 individuals left in the wilde|
Amur leopards are considered the world’s rarest cat. Only about 30-40 of these magnificent cats live in the wilds of far eastern Russia; 300 are in zoos. Threats include illegal poaching (for the leopards beautiful spotted fur) and prey scarcity – there’s not enough food to sustain a large population.
Saving the leopards
Many organizations are working to save the leopard subspecies, including stopping illegal poaching and trade, monitoring populations, and preserving the leopard’s habitat. In 2012, Russia declared a new protected area as a safe haven for the Amur leopards called Land of the Leopard National Park.
A different habitat
These leopards dwell in forests in northern China and southern Russia bordering the Sea of Japan – a harsher environment than other leopard subspecies.
Not just spotted coat
As protection from the frigid winters, Amur leopards have very thick, dense fur featuring widely spaced spots that are shaped like black rosettes.
Don’t challenge an Amur leopard to a race! Amur leopards can run at speeds up to 37 miles per hour. They can leap an amazing 19 feet horizontally and 10 feet vertically.