Amur Leopard

Animal Profile

Scientific name Panthera pardus orientalis
Size 3 to 6.2 feet (92 to 190 cm) long
Tail Length 25 to 39 inches (64 to 99 centimeters)
Weight Females are 46 to 132 pounds (21 to 60 kilograms); males are 80 to 165 pounds (36 to 75 kilograms)
Life Span 12 to 15 years in the wild, up to 23 years in zoos
Gestation 3 to 3.5 months
Number of young at birth 1 to 6, but usually 2 to 3 in a litter
Size at birth 17 to 21 ounces (500 to 600 grams)
Age of maturity 3 years
Conservation status Endangered: only 30-40 individuals left in the wilde

Critically endangered

Amur leopards are considered the world’s rarest cat. Only about 30-40 of these magnificent cats live in the wilds of far eastern Russia; 300 are in zoos.  Threats include illegal poaching (for the leopards beautiful spotted fur) and prey scarcity – there’s not enough food to sustain a large population.

Saving the leopards

Many organizations are working to save the leopard subspecies, including stopping illegal poaching and trade, monitoring populations, and preserving the leopard’s habitat. In 2012, Russia declared a new protected area as a safe haven for the Amur leopards called Land of the Leopard National Park.

A different habitat

These leopards dwell in forests in northern China and southern Russia bordering the Sea of Japan – a harsher environment than other leopard subspecies.

Not just spotted coat

As protection from the frigid winters, Amur leopards have very thick, dense fur featuring widely spaced spots that are shaped like black rosettes.

Ninja leopard?

Don’t challenge an Amur leopard to a race!  Amur leopards can run at speeds up to 37 miles per hour. They can leap an amazing 19 feet horizontally and 10 feet vertically.