|Scientific name||Anaxyrus americanus|
|Length||2.0 to 3.5 inches (51 to 90 millimeters)|
|Incubation||3 to 12 days|
|Life span||10 to 12 years|
|Size of larvae||0.3 to 0.5 inches (0.8 and 1.3 centimeters)|
|Clutch size||4,000 to 8,000 eggs|
|Age of maturity||2 to 3 years|
Most people identify toads from frogs by their warty skin. Because of misleading folklore about their warts being contagious, humans have avoided toads. The truth is, though, that people can’t get warts from toad. The warts create toxins that send predators running, but the toxins only affect humans if they don’t wash their hands afterward. American toads are the most popular toad species in North America. American toads usually only have one or two large warts on their backs.
Most toads live among the substrates of wooded forests but can also live by populated areas as well. Any area that provides decent moisture, multiple places for hiding and cover, and semi-permanent small bodies of water can be called home for the American Toad.
American toads excel at camouflage and hiding. When they are tadpoles, this species lives in freshwater ponds and pools, out of their predator’s reach. After they develop into toads, they need thickly vegetated areas to hunt for food. They hibernate underground during the winter months and seek shelter in the summer under porches, boardwalks, stones, wood piles, and other areas.
Even if you can’t always see them, toads can live almost anywhere-even your backyard! The best way to find them is to listen closely at night. American toads’ thrilling sounds are some of the most recognizable voices of all toads. Each trill lasts for four to twenty seconds. During the summer, male American toads call females like this to be their mates. When they trill, their throats puff out like balloons. They also do that when threatened.
From water to land
From the time the tadpoles hatch, they can live underwater. They have two sets of gills, located right behind their either side of their mouths. It takes 20 days for the tadpoles to completely form their back legs and around 35 says to show their front legs. When the front legs appear, the toads lose their gills and tails so they can move to land. The toads will stay near the pond and continue to grow bigger until they have reached adult size. As they grow, they shed their skin every couple weeks. It peels off in one piece, and the toad eats it for extra nutrition.
American toads are listed as a species of least concern.
No effort is too small!