Fort Wayne Children's Zoo Home

African Lion

PANTHERA LEO

Quick Facts

Scientific name: Panthera leo
Length: Males 5.6-8.3 ft / Females 4.6-5.7 ft
Weight: Males 330-576 lbs / Females 265-400 lbs
Life span: 20-25 years (in human care)
Gestation: almost 4 months
Number of offspring: 1 to 4 cubs per litter
Age of maturity: 3 to 4 years
Conservation status: Vulnerable
Size at birth: 3 pounds (1.5 kilograms)

About

Where does the lion really sleep tonight?

In Africa, lions don’t live in the jungle, the mighty jungle like the song says. They actually live in very dry areas south of the Sahara desert. The grassy areas of the African Journey exhibit are similar to the savannah that lions roam in Africa.


A matter of pride

Lions most often live in groups called prides, although they can sometimes also be found in pairs. Each pride of lions has a male who is the dominant leader of the group. Males are very protective of their territory and use a ferocious roar to warn intruders.


But the females are tough too!

The females of the group actually do most of the hunting, and they hunt hoofed mammals such as zebras, giraffes, and gazelle. They’ll also hunt young elephants, rhinos, or hippos.

At the zoo, the lions’ diet is simple. Meat . . . and lots of it.


Don’t touch the hair!

Lions can have coats that vary from shades of light to medium brown, while their tails have dark brown or black tufts on the end. When males reach the age of 4 or 5, they’ll have a distinctive mane on their cheek and throat area which they use to attract mating females and to intimidate competing males.

When lion cubs are born, they’re actually spotted, similar to leopards!

 

Conservation

Learn more about our efforts, our conservation partners around the world, and the simple steps you can take to contribute.

Search