|Scientific name||Bombina orientalis|
|Length||1.5 to 2.0 inches (3.8 to 5.5 centimeters)|
|Weight||1 to 2 ounces (28 to 56 grams)|
|Life span||up to 20 years|
|Gestation||almost 4 months|
|Number of eggs in clutch||50 to 300 eggs|
Eat and croak
Fire-bellied toads, like many brightly colored amphibians, are toxic. The beautiful brown, yellow, green, orange, black, and/or white markings on the toad’s belly allow the skin to secrete toxins that will hurt and even kill some predators. To avoid being eaten, they will push their bellies forward or lay on their backs to show off their colors. Humans will have severe skin irritation if they touch these toads and could die if they eat these animals.
Live long and prosper
Females leave clutches of 50 to 300 eggs on leaves near water. When tadpoles hatch, they drop into the water and ear algae, plants, and fungi for many years before they become adult toads. They can live another 15 years or more after reaching maturity.
Sleep off bad weather
Hibernation is important for these toads to avoid the winter weather in northeastern China, Korea, southern Japan, and southern parts of Russia. They hide at the bottoms of rivers or under rotten trees to keep safe. They hibernate from September to May.
Stick to it
Carnivorous fire-bellied toads shoot their tongues out to catch prey, though it can’t reach as far as most toads. They have to leap forward to catch most prey. Their sticky tongues latch onto different types of insects, crustaceans, spiders, mollusks, and worms for their dinners.
Fire-bellied toads are least concern.
No effort is too small!