|Scientific name||Tockus erythrorhynchus|
|Length||16.5 inches (42 centimeters)|
|Weight||4.4 to 6.5 ounces (124 to 185 grams)|
|Life span||18 years|
|Incubation||23 to 25 days|
|Number of eggs||3 to 6 eggs|
|Age of maturity||1 to 3 years|
Built for land or tree
Red-billed hornbills are one of the smallest hornbill species, living in the sub-Saharan Africa. They mostly live on the ground, but fly up to and live in trees too. Their curved bills help them dig through the dirt for food. Their legs are also adapted for running along the ground instead of hopping.
When a female is about to lay eggs, she and the male build a mud nest in a tree’s hole. The female goes inside the tree and uses mud, fruit pulp, and feces to seal up the entrance from predators. She leaves a small hole for her mate to deliver food through while the three to six eggs incubate. After the chicks reach 21 or 22 days old, the mother breaks through the mud wall to help feed the chicks. The chicks rebuild the wall behind her. After six to seven weeks, the juvenile red-bills knock down the mud wall and join a flock.
Most red-billed hornbills are seen in pairs or small families. However, in dry seasons, flocks of 40 to 80 red-billed hornbills congregate around water holes, burnt areas, and fields to search for food. Together, they sunbathe, run, and dig up a variety of food with their bills. They mostly eat insects, grain, and fruits.
No red-bills allowed
Red-billed hornbills will not tolerate other red-bills living in their territory. They will defend their permanent territory from red-bills other predators but will allow any other species of hornbill in the area. This leads to many variety of hornbills to live in the same area.
Red-billed hornbills are least concern.
No effort is too small!